Solar Energy Conversion Systems in the Built Environment
Podoba Ci się ten produkt? Przekaż dalej!
Sprawdź inne opcje zakupu
The durability of the solar energy conversion systems is analyzed considering the specific issues that occur when these systems are implemented in the built environment; based on practical examples, general conclusions are formulated and specific aspects are discussed in relation to experimental results and literature data.
With renewables implemented in the built environment likely to expand in the near future, this book represents welcome and timely material for all professionals and researchers that are aiming to provide efficient and feasible solutions for the sustainable built environment.
The built environment (70 pg.)
1.1. Building, built environment, community
1.2. Energy demand in the built environment
1.3. Meeting the energy demand in the built environment
1.4. The building sector. Indicators for buildings efficiency and sustainability
Renewable energy sources and systems (110 pg)
2.1. Renewable energy sources: type, potential, assessment
2.1.1. Solar radiation
2.2. Available renewable energy potential in the built environment
2.2.1. Solar radiation
2.3. Renewable energy systems
2.3.1. Photovoltaic systems
2.3.2. Solar-thermal systems
2.3.3. Geothermal systems
2.3.4. Biomass systems
Increasing the solar share in electricity production in the built environment (85 pg.)
3.1. Building integrated photovoltaic systems
3.2. Design of photovoltaic systems
3.3. Increasing the electric output of photovoltaic systems by using solar tracking systems
3.4. PV integration in communities
Increasing the solar share for heating, cooling and DHW in the built environment (100 pg.)
4.1. Thermal energy demand at building level
4.2. Solar-thermal systems in buildings
4.3. Design of solar-thermal systems integrated in the built environment
4.4. Increasing the thermal output and durability of solar-thermal systems
4.5. Increasing the share of solar energy in meeting the thermal energy demand of a building
4.6. Renewable energy mixes based on solar energy in nearly zero energy buildings (nZEB)
4.6.1. Solar-thermal – heat pumps
4.6.2. Solar-thermal – heat pumps – photovoltaics
4.6.3. Solar-thermal – biomass
PVT systems (20 pg.)
5.1. PVT modules
5.2. PVT output
5.3. PVT systems in the built environment
Sustainable communities (40 pg.)
6.1. Nearly Zero Energy Communities (nZEC): concept, definitions
6.2. Energy for nZEC: Steps in implementing renewable energy systems in nZEB and in nZEC
6.3. Operation and energy management
6.4. Case studies
6.5. Emergent trends in using solar energy at community level
Presents the specific requirements on solar energy conversion systems (photovoltaic and solar-thermal systems) implemented in the built environment
Proposes solutions to increase the conversion efficiency and to mitigate the losses
Discusses the main problems to be solved: solar energy conversion, the energy storage, the durability of the systems
Prof. dr. eng. Ion Visa developed an intensive activity aiming at implementing the sustainable development concept, as the European and Romanian strategies proposed. This group formed in 2005 the R&D Centre Renewable Energy Systems and Recycling (RESREC) and in the same year the first edition of the international Conference for Sustainable Energy (CSE) was launched, being followed, each three years, by a new edition organized in the RESREC Centre and benefiting by a continuous increase in quality and visibility. The last two CSE editions had the proceedings volumes published in Springer: Sustainable Energy in the Built Environment – Steps towards nZEB (2014) and Nearly Zero Energy Communities (2017) and both volumes are in the 25% highly cited publications of Springer.
The RESREC Centre was and is the nucleus of a coherent activity, both in education and in research. The group of authors represents the core that supported the development of an integrated training line that offers study programs to students at B.Sc. level (Engineering of Renewable Energy Systems, Environmental Engineering for Industrial Processes and Wastes Recycling Engineering), at M.Sc. level (Product Design for Sustainable Development and Environment Protection) and at Ph. D. level (in Materials Science and Mechanical Engineering). These study programs were developed mainly through European cooperation grants and activities as the CDA project Solar Energy: Technology and Management (1999-2002). To extend the use of this newly developed knowledge and training line, various adults training projects supported the development of specialized courses for teachers (Comenius 2.1. projects: SEE EU Tool, CO: Prof. Ion VISA and CHEMINC, CO: Prof. Anca DUTA) and for different professionals (e.g. the Leonardo da Vinci project: RES&EM ICT Tools, CO: Prof. Ion VISA).
The team in the RESREC Centre continuously developed a research activity focused on specific aspects of renewable energy systems with a view on the particular aspects of their implementation in the built environment, in a multi-disciplinary approach “from material to product”. More than 30 grants financed by national and EU research programs supported this activity. Among these there can be mentioned the grant Product Design for Sustainable Development (CNCSIS Platform, 79/2006, 1.89 million EUR, CO: Prof. Ion VISA) that supported the development and updating of the R&D Infrastructure in the Centre. Based on the experience gained in this grant, in 2009 a structural funds project was granted to the Transilvania University of Brasov, RDI Institute High Tech Products for Sustainable Development, (POSCCE, ID123, 22 million EUR, CO: Prof. Ion VISA) and allowed the development of the R&D Institute of the University, with a specific focus on renewable energy systems implemented in the built environment, consisting of 11 low energy buildings and high level infrastructure fully dedicated to research. Using all these resources, many other grants and contracts were developed focusing on the development of novel solar-thermal collectors implemented in the built environment (grants: EST IN URBA, 28/2010 and MATSOL-T, 277/2006) or on the implementation of photovoltaic systems on buildings or in communities (PLATSOL – PV, 752/2006 or EMAX-BIPV/131/2015) or on novel advanced wastewater treatement processes activated by solar radiation (FOTOCOMPLEX, 71-047/2007; NANOVISMAT 162/2012). Additionally, the team was involved in EU projects promoting sustainable energy, as the Bioenergy Train grant (BET, H2020 N 65676/2015) or the COST projects: Building Integration of Solar-Thermal Systems (COST-STSM-TU1205-35351, CO: Prof. dr. eng. Ion Visa) and PEARL-PV (COST Action CA16235, CO: Assoc. prof. dr. eng. Bogdan Burduhos). These allowed to extend the cooperation network and the research topics towards subjects extremely important today as the quest for new and clean energy resources. Based on the R&D results and on the capability of extending these results towards education and training, the authors’ group is well involved in EU structures as the European Sustainable Energy Innovation Alliance, ESEIA (where Prof. Visa is Vice-President); additionally, Prof. Visa was the main proposer of a new Technical Commitee (TC) in the frame of the International Federation for the Promotion of Mechanism and Machine Science, IFToMM. The TC is called Sustainable Energy Systems (CO: Prof. Ion VISA) and aims at implementing the complex concept of “sustainability” for mechanisms and mechanical systems, by defining energy efficiency, along with renewables and clean energy in industry and society.
The group published the R&D results in over 200 scientific papers most of them in ISI indexed journals as: Renewable Energy, Applied Thermal Engineering, Energy and Buildings, Energy Procedia, International Journal of Green Energy, Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, Journal of Photovoltaics, Journal of Energy Engineering, Materials Science and Engineering, Applied Catalysis B- Environmental Sciences, Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A- Chemistry, Clean Technology and Environmental Policy, etc.
This extensive research activity developed under the coordination of Prof. Ion VISA was recognized also by the Romanian Academy of Technical Sciences, where prof. VISA is full member and by the Romanian Academy, where prof. VISA is member of the Renewable Energy Commission.